Saturday, March 31, 2012

Other types of Agriculture.

Nomadic Herding.- The rearing of animals on natural pastures.
- Practise is followed by the people of the semi arid and arid regions, who keep moving with their animals in search of natural pastures and lead a nomadic life.
- Type of animal reared differ from one region to another (Typical regions: Northern Africa, parts of Arabia and parts of northern Eurasia)
- Subsistence farming.

Livestock Ranching
- The rearing of animals while farmers live a settled life.
- Large area required for animal grazing, such as the low rainfall areas of North America, South America and Australia
- Kept in ranches and reared mainly for meat and wool
-Commerical based.

Miditerranean Agriculture
- Major crops: Wheat, vineyards and citrus fruits
- Major livestock: Small animals reared in
- Horticulture is a major activity and most of the crops other than these plantations are grown in winter with the help of winter rains.

Commercial grain farming
- A response to farm mechanisation and the major type of activity in areas with low rainfall and low pooulation density.
- Prone to the vagaries of weather, droughts
( Prairies, steppes and the temperate grasslands of South America and Australia)

Livestock and grain farming
- Known as mixed farming
- Originated in the humid areas of the middle latitudes
- An effort is made to get the best out of crop farming and animal rearing.


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