Sunday, March 4, 2012

Wet rice cultivation

Rice is a very important food crop that is the staple diet of at least half of the world's population. Rice is mostly eaten in Asia, where 90 percent of the world's rice is grown. Outside Asia, the main rice-growing countries are Egypt, Italy, Spain, Brazil and the United States of America.

There are many varieties of rice. Most of the rice grown in Asia is wet rice. Wet rice cultivation is the growing of rice in flooded fields. Wet rice is known as padi in malay. The hot and wet climate in many parts of Asia makes it suitable for wet rice cultivation. This is because rice seeds require high temperatures to grow. Moreover, the high rainfall provides abundant water to flood the fields as padi needs a lot of water to grow.

There are several stages of wet rice cultivation:

The padi fields are first ploughed with the help of animals or tractors. The fields are then flooded with water channelled from rivers or obtained from direct rainfall. Meanwhile, padi seeds are scattered onto a smaller field called a nursery, where they sprout into seedlings.

After three to six months, the padi is ready for harvest. The fields are drained and the padi is harvested by hand using sickles. After three to four weeks, the seedlings are transplanted, that is, moved and planted into the flooded fields. The fields are regularly weeded and fertilisers are added.

-Traditionally, wet rice cultivation is a form of subsistence agriculture. Today, wet rice cultivation is also practiced as commercial agriculture. Some countries produce enough rice to sell overseas. An example of a major rice-exporting country is thailand.

-Land: Flat land with clayey soil is the most ideal for wet rice cultivation as this can help retain water. In hilly places in the philippines and Indonesia, steps are cut into the hill slopes to create terraces (flat land) for growing rice.
The size of the farm is generally small. In countries like Malaysia and Indonesia, the size of the plot is usually no more than 2 hectares (equivalent to the size of three football fields).

-Capital: Wet rice cultivation traditionally does not require large amounts of capital. In the past, little machinery was used as family members provided the labour. Sickles and wooden ploughs were mainly used. Also, the seeds for cultivation were saved from the previous harvest. Today, more inputs are used. Machinery such as tractors are used for ploughing, and combine harvesters for harvesting. Governments and research institutes spend more money on research to develop better seeds, pesticides and fertilisers. Canals are also built for irrigating the fields

-Labour: Wet rice cultivation requires much labour. The farmer's families or hired workers usually provide this labour. Farmers work hard to flood the fields by building low walls called bunds. Planting, weeding, and application of fertilisers are usually done by hand. Animals such ad water buffaloes may be used to help plough the land.

-The output per unit are of the farm is generally high. Since the 1960s, newer varieties of wet rice have been developed. These varieties take a shorter time to mature and can produce more output per hectare. They are also more resistant to diseases and pests.


At May 26, 2014 at 11:52 PM , Blogger lee woo said...

The turning point in the process of growing up is when you discover the core of strength within you that survives all hurt. See the link below for more info.


At February 9, 2015 at 6:33 PM , Blogger Cindy Dy said...

Couldn't be written any better. Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!


At November 29, 2015 at 5:20 PM , Blogger lee woo said...

Love it! Very interesting topics, I hope the incoming comments and suggestion are equally positive. Thank you for sharing this information that is actually helpful.

At August 23, 2016 at 5:30 AM , Blogger Asad Ullah Shabbir said... check this new way to cultivate rice

At August 23, 2016 at 5:31 AM , Blogger Asad Ullah Shabbir said... check this new way to cultivate rice

At October 21, 2017 at 1:51 AM , Blogger Neil Jakson said...

Participants will get the certificate provided 6 ECTS credits for passing the internship. Expenditures for meals, study trip to Soviet bunker in Ligatne and two social evenings will be covered organizers.
Phd Dissertation Writing Services

At October 21, 2017 at 3:49 AM , Blogger Neil Jakson said...

Truly, this article is really one of the very best in the history of articles. I am a antique ’Article’ collector and I sometimes read some new articles if I find them interesting.

At November 21, 2017 at 3:16 AM , Blogger Unknown said...


At November 21, 2017 at 3:16 AM , Blogger Unknown said...


At December 25, 2017 at 11:22 PM , Blogger Sean Parker said...

Good to know that your rice is growing quite healthy.
manchester airport parking deals

At December 25, 2017 at 11:48 PM , Blogger Mr Luchador said...

These kind of cultivations are too important in growing rich quality rice.
luton valet parking

At February 17, 2018 at 6:53 AM , Blogger Devid John said...

I like rice very much. Thanks for sharing such articles.
contractor accountants London

At March 17, 2018 at 5:54 AM , Blogger Annie Joe said...


I feel so blessed and fulfilled. I've been reluctant in applying for a loan i heard about online because everything seems too good to be true, but i was convinced & shocked when my friend at my place of work got a loan from Progresive Loan INC. & we both confirmed it and i also went ahead to apply, today am a proud owner of my company and making money for my family and a happy mom. Well i'm Annie Joe by name from Pauls Valley, Oklahoma. As a single mom with three kids it was hard to get a job that could take care of me and my kids and I had so much bills to pay and to make it worst I had bad credit so i couldn't obtain a loan from any bank. I had an ideal to start a business as an hair stylist but had no capital to start, Tried all type of banks but didn't work out until I was referred by my co-worker to a godsent lender advertising to give a loan at 2% interest rate. I sent them a mail using their official email address ( and I got a reply immediately and my loan was approved, and I was directed to the Bank site where I withdrawed my loan directly to my account. To cut the story short am proud of my hair stylist company and promise to testify to the world how my life was transformed.. If you are in need of any kind of loan, i advise you contact Progresive Loan INC and be financially lifted Email: OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565

At March 22, 2018 at 12:59 AM , Blogger Millie Summer said...

Rice cultivation is also practiced as commercial agriculture.
cheap airport parking

At March 26, 2018 at 12:56 AM , Blogger Mr Luchador said...

Wishing good luck to all these hard working farmers.
meet and greet parking luton

At April 2, 2018 at 10:02 PM , Blogger Linda Cochran said...

To find a greater exposure for your facebook account, Persons spend cash to Buy Facebook Followers to very easily get hype on internet. buy real facebook followers


Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home