Thursday, March 1, 2012

Shifting cultivation

Shifting cultivation is a type of farming where people make temporary clearings in the forest to grow food. When the soil is no longer fertile after two to three years, the shifting cultivators abandon the field to look for another suitable plot of land. The first field is left to fallow, or rest, while the cultivators begin the cycle of activities on a new plot of land.The farmers may return to the same plot of land after 20 to 30 years.

Shifting cultivation id also known as ladang cultivation in Southeast Asia. There are 5 stages in shifting cultivation.

Stage 1: Selecting a plot of land
The headman of the tribe first chooses a plot of land in the forest.Trees in the area are felled and the undergrowth is cleared at the beginning of the dry season.




Stage 2: Burning the felled trees
The trees are left to dry before they are burnt. The ashes of the burnt trees act as fertilisers for the soil.




Stage 3: Planting
Planting is carried out after the ground has cooled. Holes are made witha dibble stick, into which seeds could be dropped.





Stage 4: Harvesting
Harvesting usually takes place during the dry season.





Stage 5: Fallowing
After a few years of cultivation, the soil loses its fertility. farmers then move on to look for a new plot of land, leaving the first field to fallow or rest. They may return to the same plot of lnf afetr a period of time.




Characteristics of shifting cultivation:

Purpose:
-Shifting cultivation is one of the earliest types of subsistence agriculture. The farmers grow enough food to feed themselves and their family.
-Also practised by trial people residing in forests.
.
Inputs:
-Land
Even though a small plot of land is cultivated each time, shiftig cultivation takes up large areas of forest land because farmers move on to another plot of land every few years.

-Capital
Hardly any capital is required for shifting cultivation. The farmers use simple tools such as machetes, sickles, axes and sticks. Instead of buying seeds, they use seeds saved from the prrevious harvest.

-Labour
Much work is required in the clearing and burning of trees and undergrowth , as well as in the sowimg of seeds. Less work, however, is required durimg the growing process. This is because the grops are not given any special care, other than some weeding by hand. Family members usually provide the labor for this kind of agriculture.

Produce:
-the output per unit area is low and usually only enough to feed the farmer's family.
-A small variety of crops are grown. Examples include dryland rice, bananas, maize and tapioca.
-Output is usually only sufficient for survival

18 Comments:

At March 5, 2012 at 3:40 AM , Blogger Yang Yafei said...

hey.... u guyz did this for geography right.... thanks,,,,,,,,saved my ass coz i forgot to bring my book back,,,,,,,used this to do my homework ..... thanks,,,,,,,, kisses!!!!

 
At July 14, 2015 at 11:04 AM , Blogger Ananya said...

Good

 
At January 3, 2016 at 9:54 PM , Blogger Unknown said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At August 13, 2016 at 1:12 AM , Blogger Victor Songolo said...

thanks guyz, you have made my work easy, very good, clear and direct answers

 
At September 17, 2016 at 2:02 AM , Blogger Unknown said...

this was really helpful. thank you so much ! :D

 
At October 24, 2016 at 9:21 AM , Blogger sakshi garg said...

thanks to you you help me very much in my study you solve my hard question in few second so keep well

 
At October 24, 2016 at 9:22 AM , Blogger sakshi garg said...

zxcvbnm,aasdfghjjkkl;'''
4563216987][poiuygfdspoiuytrewq;lkjhgfdsazxcvbnm,./123654
987\=-098888888888888888888888=-098765432qazzxcvbnm,dfghjkltyui

 
At December 6, 2017 at 2:11 AM , Blogger faizy juTt said...

thank u blogger

 
At December 25, 2017 at 11:23 PM , Blogger Sean Parker said...

Thank you for sharing this knowledge as i won't know that burnt trees ashes are used as fertilizers.
cheap manchester airport parking

 
At December 25, 2017 at 11:47 PM , Blogger Mr Luchador said...

Nice to know about these shifting cultivation.
valet parking luton

 
At January 8, 2018 at 1:19 PM , Blogger Panda Hazard said...

Hey losers

 
At January 8, 2018 at 1:19 PM , Blogger Panda Hazard said...

Hey losers

 
At February 17, 2018 at 7:02 AM , Blogger Devid John said...

Crops are the essential part in progress of a country.
Thanks for sharing such informative article.
accountants London

 
At March 17, 2018 at 5:55 AM , Blogger Annie Joe said...

HOW I BECAME A VICTOR AFTER SO MANY FAILED ATTEMPT OF GETTING A LOAN.

I feel so blessed and fulfilled. I've been reluctant in applying for a loan i heard about online because everything seems too good to be true, but i was convinced & shocked when my friend at my place of work got a loan from Progresive Loan INC. & we both confirmed it and i also went ahead to apply, today am a proud owner of my company and making money for my family and a happy mom. Well i'm Annie Joe by name from Pauls Valley, Oklahoma. As a single mom with three kids it was hard to get a job that could take care of me and my kids and I had so much bills to pay and to make it worst I had bad credit so i couldn't obtain a loan from any bank. I had an ideal to start a business as an hair stylist but had no capital to start, Tried all type of banks but didn't work out until I was referred by my co-worker to a godsent lender advertising to give a loan at 2% interest rate. I sent them a mail using their official email address (progresiveloan@yahoo.com) and I got a reply immediately and my loan was approved, and I was directed to the Bank site where I withdrawed my loan directly to my account. To cut the story short am proud of my hair stylist company and promise to testify to the world how my life was transformed.. If you are in need of any kind of loan, i advise you contact Progresive Loan INC and be financially lifted Email: progresiveloan@yahoo.com OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565



 
At March 18, 2018 at 10:32 PM , Blogger Agtools Seo said...

Thank you for your post. This is excellent information. It is amazing and wonderful to visit your site.
agricultural account management software

 
At March 22, 2018 at 1:01 AM , Blogger Millie Summer said...

Farmers grow enough food to feed themselves and their family.
meet and greet Gatwick

 
At March 26, 2018 at 12:57 AM , Blogger Mr Luchador said...

Such a amazing way to make the fertilizers.
meet and greet at luton

 
At April 10, 2018 at 7:24 AM , Blogger AZRA ISHAQUE said...

We specialized in Bank Guarantee {BG}, Standby Letter of Credit {SBLC}, Medium Term Notes {MTN}, Confirmable Bank Draft {CBD} as well as other financial instruments issued from AAA Rated bank such as HSBC Bank Hong Kong, HSBC Bank London, Deutsche Bank AG Frankfurt, Barclays Bank , Standard Chartered Bank and others on lease at the lowest available rates depending on the face value of the instrument needed.

We deliver with time and precision as sethforth in the agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable, below is our instrument description.

The procedure is very simple; the instrument will be reserved on euro clear to be verified by your bank, after verification an arrangement will be made for necessary bank documents and stock testing expenses, the cost of the Bank Guarantee will be paid after the delivery of the MT760.

DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENT:
Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG/SBLC).
Total Face Value: Minimum of 1M Eur/USD (One Million Eur/USD) to Maximum of 5B Euro/USD(Five Billion Eur/USD).
Issuing Bank: HSBC London, Barclays Bank, Deutsche Bank Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Any AA rated Bank in Europe or any Top 25 WEB.
Age: One Year, One Day
Leasing Price: 4% of Face Value plus 1% commission fees to brokers.
Delivery: Bank to Bank SWIFT.
Payment: MT-760.
Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days.

All relevant business information will be provided upon request plus our terms and
procedures.

Contact name: Azra Ishaque

Email : lintel.financialservicesplc@gmail.com

Skype : lintel.financialservicesplc

 

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home